Women in economics stalled progress

Ladies in economics: Stalled progress

Shelly Lundberg, Jenna Stearns

Although the share of ladies in top PhD-granting departments a lot more than doubled between 19, this growth has stalled recently. This column reviews recent literature on women’s relative position in the discipline and assesses the data on barriers that female economists face in publishing, promotion, and tenure. It shows that differentialassessment of males and females is one element in explaining women’s failure to advance in economics and that continued progress toward equality in academic economics will demand a concerted effort to eliminate opportunities for bias in the hiring and promotion processes.

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Women in the boardroom

Gender diversity on company boards

Johanne Grosvold, Stephen Pavelin, Ian Tonks

It really is no secret that men outnumber ladies in the boardroom often over. This column talks about the most recent government efforts to redress this imbalance, particularly in the united kingdom, and asks why so few companies are prepared to raise the number of women on the board.

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Women in competitive environments evidence from expert chess

Ladies in competitive environments: Evidence from chess

Maria Cubel

Recent explanations for the persistence of both gender wage gap and the under-representation of ladies in top jobs have centered on behavioural aspects, specifically on differences in the responses of women and men to competition. This column shows that it could not be competition itself that affects women, however the gender of their opponent. Analysis of data from a large number of expert chess games demonstrates women are less inclined to win weighed against men of the same ability, and that is driven by women making more errors specifically when playing against men.

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Women in european economics

Ladies in European economics

Emmanuelle Auriol, Guido Friebel, Sascha Wilhelm

Despite around a third of PhDs in economics in america having been earned by women during the last few decades, under 15% of full professors in america were ladies in 2017. This column uses data scraped from research institute websites to research whether an identical ‘leaky pipeline’ exists in Europe. It finds that compared to the US, Europe have an increased share of women full professors within their research institutions, however the attrition rate between junior and senior ranks can be compared on both sides of the Atlantic. There are essential differences throughout Europe, however, with the Nordic countries and France scoring higher on gender equality than, for example, Germany and holland.

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Women as policymakers do make a difference

Women as policymakers do change lives

Thushyanthan Baskaran, Zohal Hessami

The actual fact that women are underrepresented in politics is often considered a significant social problem. But why should it be considered a problem? This column argues that whenever too little women hold political office, political decisions might not adequately reflect women’s needs and preferences. Using the exemplory case of the general public provision of childcare in Germany, it demonstrates municipalities with an increased share of female councillors expand public childcare quicker. The fact that the current presence of women has substantive effects on policies ought to be considered in current debates around the introduction of gender quotas in politics.

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